Renewable Energy and Jobs: Annual Review 2022, identifies domestic market size as a major factor influencing renewable energy job growth, as well as labor and other costs.
The fastest growing solar
Solar energy has proven to be the fastest growing sector. In 2021, it provided 4.3 million jobsmore than a third of the current global workforce in renewable energy.
With growing concerns about climate change, COVID-19[feminine] recovery and supply chain disruption, countries are looking inward to drive job creation at home, focusing on local supply chains.
The report describes how strong domestic markets are key to anchoring the clean energy industrialization momentum. The development of export capacities for renewable technologies also depends on it, he adds.
“A just transition for all”
ILO Managing Director Guy Ryder said that “Beyond the numbers, there is a growing attention to job quality and working conditions in renewable energies, to ensure decent and productive jobs.
“The growing share of female employment suggests that dedicated policies and training can significantly improve women’s participation in the renewable energy professions, inclusion and, ultimately, achieving a just transition for all.
Mr. Ryder encouraged governments, organized labor and business groups “to remain resolutely committed to a sustainable energy transitionwhich is essential for the future of work.
Resilient and reliable
IRENA Director General Francesco La Camera said that in the face of many challenges, “renewable energy jobs remain resilient and have proven to be a reliable job creation engine. My advice to governments around the world is to pursue industrial policies that encourage the expansion of decent renewable energy jobs at home.
“Boosting a national value chain will not only create business opportunities and new jobs for local people and communities. This also enhances supply chain reliability and contributes to greater global energy security.
Join the renewable revolution
The report shows that a growing number of countries are creating jobs in the renewable energy sector – nearly two-thirds of them in Asia.
China alone accounts for 42% of the global totalaccording to the report, followed by the EU and Brazil with 10% each, and the US and India with 7% each.
Southeast Asian countries are becoming major centers of solar photovoltaic (PV) panel manufacturing and biofuel producers, while China is the main manufacturer and installer of solar photovoltaic panels and creating a growing number of jobs in offshore wind.
India has added more than 10 gigawatts of solar PV panels, generating many installation jobs, but remains heavily dependent on imported panels, the report notes.
Europe now accounts for approximately 40% of global wind power generation and is the largest exporter of wind power equipment; it is trying to rebuild its photovoltaic solar panel manufacturing industry.
Africa’s role is still limited, but the report highlights that there are growing employment opportunities in distributed renewable energy, while in the Americas, Mexico is the main supplier of blades. wind turbines.
Brazil remains the largest employer in the field of biofuels, but also creates many jobs in wind and solar photovoltaic installations. The United States is beginning to build a domestic industrial base for the booming offshore wind sector.